Best Practices for Federally Qualified Health Centers

We know that FQHCs like yours face a broad range of governance and human resources challenges, from establishing the pay of their chief executive officers to recruiting and retaining quality health care providers and ensuring that their entry level staff is qualified, trained and appropriately compensated.  With a mission driven by quality patient care, FQHCs sometimes fail to address the human resources issues that can make the difference between day-to-day struggles and fulfilling their missions.

Federally Qualified Health Centers have made up the core clients of ElementOne Consulting since its founding in 1992, and the firm has nearly 80 FQHC clients across the United States, from small organizations with less than $5 million in revenue to some of the largest FQHCs in the country. Our clients are found in urban and rural areas and include both migrant-focused and community-focused organizations. We provide FQHCs with a broad range of services that help them run more efficiently, better utilize their financial resources, improve opportunities for their employees, and enhance their ability to provide care.

Not-for-profits in many industries are facing scrutiny for their executive compensation programs, and ElementOne has led the way with the development of a “best practices” approach, providing a method for Boards of Directors to properly fulfill their governance responsibilities. Our salary management programs for providers and staff bring large-company sophistication to any size organization. We help eliminate many of the compensation problems that plague organizations lacking sufficient structure.

Below you will find a map depicting some of the FQHCs, Primary Care Associations and other health care providers that have trusted ElementOne services.

Explore our services to FQHCs below…

Click below to read about our services to FQHCs,  and to get a better understanding of our professional fees:

Merces FQHC Catalog


Executive Compensation

Boards of Directors are appropriately concerned about their CEO compensation programs. The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has expressed its concern and warned of the need for more transparency and disclosure. State and federal agencies have indicated their intention to come down hard on perceived “excess” executive compensation. Sometimes it seems as if the media has nothing better to do than to “expose” executive compensation practices.

The truth is that a well-designed executive compensation program will not attract negative attention, because it is based on fundamental and well-accepted business practices. The media will be hard-pressed to find fault with an IRS Form 990 that expressly discloses a compensation methodology developed transparently with third-party involvement. Today a structured program is not a luxury but a necessity. ElementOne works with top management and Boards to:

  • Establish a formal compensation philosophy
  • Develop and implement procedures for determining executive pay
  • Collect and analyze competitive data
  • Set up formal salary ranges and incentive compensation plans
  • Develop approaches for managing performance and adjusting pay.

We understand the challenges of working with Board members who do not have expertise in the area of executive compensation. All of our assignments include training and presentations to the Board to ensure they understand the implications of their actions and can feel confident in their decisions.

ElementOne offers a complimentary assessment of the strength of the disclosures in an organization’s IRS Form 990. Contact us to find out if you are in a good position or could find yourself on the wrong end of a front-page news article.

Compensation Management

It is likely that your organization is already paying enough, in total, to support a workforce at its current level of performance. It is just as likely, unfortunately, that pay is not distributed fairly and equitably. Without a structured approach to compensation management, health centers see problems such as:

  • Needing to pay more to new hires than experienced staff in the same job
  • Becoming training centers for other local organizations through failure to keep pay competitive
  • Having long-serving staff who are paid well above the market but performing at a low level

None of these problems are inevitable. With extensive knowledge and more than 25 years working with FQHCs nationwide – large and small, in urban and rural settings – ElementOne has more expertise in developing, implementing and administering structured employee compensation programs than any other consulting firm. Our programs reflect the realities of the FQHC environment, including the significant difference between primary care and hospitals, and between the FQHC model and private practices.

Our approach to pay management involves considering three key elements of pay fairness and equity:

  • Internal Equity – A job evaluation methodology determines the relative value of jobs to the health center, ensuring pay opportunities match job contributions, even when no market data is available. A pay program that does not properly incorporate job evaluation is not only less effective, but it also opens the organization up to potential unnecessary liability.
  • External Competitiveness – Defining ranges that clearly outline the pay opportunities for each job helps health centers understand the nature of the market as well as how their “non-benchmark” jobs fit in. ElementOne ensures that health centers properly define their “market” and collects the data that is most appropriate – not just for their market but for their business model.
  • Paying for PerformanceA fair and equitable pay program does no good if it isn’t administered fairly and equitably. Creating performance management plans that ensure appropriate compensation for employees’ contributions to the health center is key to effective pay management. We can show your organization how to use job descriptions to create customized performance management programs for each job.

Our clients report high levels of satisfaction with the pay programs we develop. Beyond solving immediate problems, they help management better budget and understand their cost structure, and they promote a higher level of understanding among employees of how their pay is determined.

Provider Compensation

The battle to recruit and retain qualified and productive providers is one of the greatest faced by an FQHC. A variety of compensation practices claim to “solve” health centers’ recruiting and retention issues. Of course, most of these will not actually work because they fail to address the fundamental reasons why people practice medicine, dentistry and the behavioral health professions. At Merces, we have watched trends come and go, and we understand that any compensation program requires, first and foremost, a solid foundation. Unless base compensation is competitive, fair, and reflective of the performance of the individual providers, incentives will only make things worse. Providers are no different than any other employee in their compensation needs and should be treated –  and managed – in a fair and appropriate manner. We offer:

  • Market competitive salary structures for providers
  • Performance management programs tied to important measures of success, translating into fair base compensation
  • Incentive plans in line with the strategic and business objectives of the health center, and consistent with its business model

Over the past several years, Merces has helped a number of health centers move from well-intentioned but ineffectively-designed productivity incentive programs to a base salary approach that measures and rewards all of the key elements of provider performance. Once an effective base salary program is in place, incentive compensation can be used to reward behavior that is truly “above and beyond.”

Organization Design and Development

Managing an FQHC requires not just an understanding of organizational structure but of the organization’s mission and the community in which it operates. As they have grown over time, FQHCs need to closely look at how they are staffed to deliver their mission. The increasing challenge of not just growth but competition for staff and patients brings about the need for more operational and administrative sophistication, which often calls for changes in organizational structure. There is no simple answer; as the saying goes, “once you’ve seen one FQHC, you’ve seen…. one FQHC.” Every organization is different. Merces helps FQHCs critically review their existing structures and develop a path toward the future, working with both executive management and Boards of Directors. Merces has worked with FQHCs in a variety of situations, including:

  • Helping with strategic planning to make sure human resource implications of proposed strategies are understood.
  • Aligning senior management structures to respond to staffing changes and new operational challenges
  • Preparing health centers with succession planning in anticipation of senior management change
  • Developing new organizational models to manage growth
  • Working with Boards of Directors to create new role definitions for the CEO and establishing programs for performance management
  • Creating accurate and effective job descriptions tied directly to performance management programs

We understand that each organization is different, but that organizations in an industry can learn a lot, not just from each other, but from those in other industries. Effective solutions begin by clearly defining the objectives and expectations and working toward the best possible results.

FQHC Consulting

Our very experienced FQHC consultants help health centers with a broad range of services beyond our traditional consulting services, including:

  • Program development & strategy
  • Revenue cycle enhancement
  • Fiscal, operational & IT services
  • Compliance
  • Primary Care Association Services